Glove Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abrasion Resistance

A glove’s ability to protect against abrasions.

Allergen Content

General measure of the glove’s known allergy issues relating to a type of gloves

Ambidextrous

Gloves that can be worn on both left and right hand

AQL

Acceptable Quality Level Standard

ASTM

The American Society of Testing and Materials, an independent industry group that provides guidelines for standards for glove specification.

B

B Grade

Rejected medical grade gloves, often sold as Multipurpose grade gloves

Barrier Integrity

The glove’s ability to provide a protective barrier for a user

Barrier Protection

Defines a glove’s ability to repel a substance and maintain protection for the user

C

Chemical Resistance

Refers to a glove’s ability to protect a user from a specific substance agent

Chlorination

The process of cleaning latex gloves to lower exposure to reduce protein content (which can cause allergic reactions) and make the gloves more slippery so that they are easier to don.

Cuff

The bottom edge of a glove; comes as a rolled bead cuff as well as gauntlet cuff

Curing

Also known as vulcanization. A process in glove production where the glove compound is strengthened using heat or chemicals to create the glove material.

Cut Resistance

A glove’s ability to protect the user from being cut.

D

Degradation

A material breakdown in a glove

Dipping

The process in which a glove form is dipped into chemical compound during production to begin shaping the glove from its raw material state

Disposable Gloves

Single use gloves intended to be discarded after a single use

Don

The act of putting a glove on

Donning Powder

Powder added to gloves to facilitate application and comfort of glove

E

Elasticity

Refers to a glove’s ability to stretch and return to form

Elongation

Measures a glove’s ability to stretch and return to form

Embossed Finish

A textured finish created in the manufacture of Poly glove manufacturing

F

Factory Seconds

Rejected medical grade gloves, often sold as Multipurpose grade gloves

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FDA 510k

The FDA issues a document of approval for medical grade gloves known as a 510K. This document specifies the intended use of the glove. Medical Grade Gloves are tested and approved by the FDA.

Finish

The outer texture of a glove

Flocklined

Flocklined gloves contain an inner liner composed of fibers that are used to improve the comfort of the glove.

Form, Feel, and Comfort

Define the general fit, comfort and realistic feel provided by the glove

Former

Hand-like object that is dipped into the glove compound, and is used to shape the glove compound during production

G

Glove Memory

Memory refers to a glove’s ability to form to a user’s hand, providing maximum comfort and less fatigue

H

Human Rights Certification

Independent plant level certification recognizing manufacturing facilities operating in a humane manner

L

Latex

Latex is a natural rubber, extracted from the Havea brasiliensis tree (rubber tree)

Latex Allergy

An allergy associated with contact with natural rubber latex

Leaching

The process of cleaning latex gloves that lowers exposure to latex allergy

Low Protein

Gloves tested to contain less than 50u grams of protein, the lowest allowable claim by FDA.

M

Mil

Unit of measurement used to measure glove thickness. 1 mi = 1/1000 inch

N

Neoprene

A synthetic rubber glove material created from a polymerized form of Chloroprene.

Nitrile

Synthetic glove material consisting of acrylonitrile, butadiene and a carboxylic acid.

O

Online Production

Practice where gloves are taken directly off the main line and are not seconds or medical rejects

OSHA

Occupational Health and Safety Administration

P

Pinhole Test

Glove quality testing method in which the glove is filled with water to detect holes

Plasticizers

Chemical components added to synthetic gloves responsible for properties such as elongation, form, fit and function

Polyethylene

Glove material produced through the polymerization of ethylene.

Polymer

Chemical compound comprised of molecules with repeating elements

Polyvinyl Chloride

Glove compound used to create vinyl gloves comprised of a combination of chlorine and ethylene that is converted to PVC through a series of chemical reactions.

Protein Content

Natural Latex Rubber contains protein. Protein is a major contributor to Latex Allergy.

Puncture Resistance

Refers to a glove’s ability to resist holes and tears caused by a pointed instrument

R

Resistance

A glove’s ability to protect the user from a chemical or physical condition or environmental contaminant

Rolled Bead Cuff

A cuff that is formed by rolling material up into a thicker band at the base of the glove

S

Siliconisation or Copolymerization

A surface treatment that aids donning and provides greater comfort. Additional treatment of the outside glove surface can assure better grip in various wet and dry professional environments

Skin Free Contact Manufacturing

A unique manufacturing process whereby the first human hands to touch the glove are the user

SMG Certification

Specifies technical requirements for all types of single-use, natural rubber examination gloves made in Malaysia that are certified as Standard Malaysian Glove (SMG). This is a non-governmental, voluntary organization.

Strength and Durability

Measures a glove’s ability to perform under stress and pressure

Supported Glove

A glove that is created by fabric liner under a protective coating

T

Tactile Sensitivity

The glove’s ability to provide a realistic feel

Tensile Strength

A glove’s ability to resist tearing when stretched

Texture

A glove finish that allows for improved grip and slip resistance

U

Unsupported Gloves

Unsupported gloves are so named because porcelain hand forms are dipped directly into the glove compound. The dried film or “skin” is later stripped off the forms, leaving perfectly molded gloves. There is no liner or fabric “supporting” the compound.

USP Cornstarch

Powder used in Ambitex brand gloves is 100% USP (United States Pharmacopoeia) cornstarch. USP is the “official public standards-setting authority for all prescription and over-the-counter medicines, dietary supplements, and other healthcare products manufactured and sold in the United States.”

V

Vinyl

Glove material manufactured with synthetic PVC resins, which is comprised of a combination of chlorine and ethylene that is converted to PVC through a series of chemical reactions